Housing Wealth, Fertility, and Child Quality


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Mingzhe Tang, N. Edward Coulson

1 / 53




International Real Estate Review



We use changes in wealth due to house price changes to test the effect of wealth on fertility and child quality in the context of Chinese fertility policies. We find, even in those situations where the one-child policy is not in effect, that wealth increases do not lead to increased fertility in urban areas, and have only a minuscule effect in the rural areas. However, a rise in housing wealth leads to increased expenditure on the education of children for households in both rural and urban areas (although different types of expenditure) and increased height of children in rural areas. Following Becker (1960), increased wealth shifts the tradeoff between child quality and quantity in favor of the former.


This paper was awarded the 2021 Global Social Science Institute Best Paper Award at the Asian Real Estate Society 2021 Annual Conference.


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China, fertility, wealth, housing values, one child policy, quality-quantity tradeoff